Correcting Teeth Problems by Dentistry
Sharp Enamel Edges (Points)
The offending portion of the edge is removed while preserving the table surface.
Only the overpowering, long, or excess tooth material is removed. Low areas are preserved. (Less may be better for the reserve tooth is not inexhaustible. Drastic changes can cause pain or dysfunction). Uneven surfaces are blended. The mouth is balanced so that no area bears the brunt of excessive forces. The incisors, cheek teeth, and temporo-mandibular joint share the load. Normal anatomy and function for that individual is the goal. Repeated corrections may be needed for severe waves, steps, table angle problems, incisor deviations. Prevention of severe malocclusions is best.
I use hand tools (floats), power floats and motorized spinning burrs/discs.
Loose, Worn out, Fractured Teeth
Teeth may need to be removed. Loose teeth may sometimes be saved by reducing their height to spare impact on damaged connective tissue and bone. If removal is needed, most loose teeth can be worked out of their sockets under sedation with local pain blocks using the tools seen below. Extracting all the roots is vital. I refer patients with draining abcesses, infected sinuses, and those requiring surgical removal to full service veterinary clinics. Prevention, again, is best.
Wolf Tooth Removal
These are specialized extractions performed to stop the pain caused by the bit pinching the lip against this redundant tooth. Not all horses carry wolf teeth (they serve no purpose). They vary in size and location. Some are easy to remove; others not so easy. A large artery lies close to the lingual side of the tooth so care, good restraint, sedation and local pain blocks are very useful.
Peridontal Disease, Gaps Between the Teeth (Diastemas) and Other Problems
These require more advanced care.
Early recognition and correction prevents most serious problems.